Synonym: eclipta prostata L.
Common name: eclipta, bhringaraj, false daisy, bringraj, han lian cao, takasaburou, yerba de tago, congo lanna.
Family: asteraceae (sunflower family).

This tropical annual is a creeping and moisture-loving herb; it has a short, flat or round, brown stem and small white
flowers on a long stalk. It grows 3" tall; the leaves are opposite and lance-shaped.
Eclipta grows abundantly in the tropics and is used with success in Ayurvedic medicine.
In India the juice of the leaves is used in the treatment of liver cirrhosis, hepatitis and infective hepatitis.
Also for liver enlargement, jaundice and other ailments of the liver and gall bladder.
In scientific studies, eclipta alba also shows good antifungal activity.
The plant tops are used for skin diseases (inflammation).
A mixture of eclipta and mineral oil (USP) keeps the hair dark and lustrous.

Pharmacology: Eclipta has bio-active steroidal alkaloids. They have cytotoxity against certain cells.
An ethanol extract of Eclipta has a neutralising effect on the venom of South American rattle snakes.
A tincture can be used as:

In Suriname's traditional medicine, eclipta is used against anaemia,dysentery, eye diseases, asthma and liver cirrhosis.
The juice of Eclipta together with honey, is used to treat upper respiratory congestion in children.

Hardiness: USDA zone 8 - 11.
Propagation: seeds.
Culture: full sun / partial shade, tolerate high altitude conditions.
Plant in frost free locations.




Eclipta prostrata, Cotula alba

Therapeutic Catagory


Ayurvedic Names

Bhringraja, Keshraja

Unani Name


Indian Names

Bhangra, Kalkeshi, Maka

It is an annual, erect or prostate entirely pubescent herb, often rooting at nodes with opposite, sessile, usually oblong,
2.5 - 7.5 cm long leaves with white appressed hairs. Floral heads 6-8 mm in diameter, solitary, white, achene compressed and
narrowly winged.

It grows commonly in moist places as a weed all over the plains of India.

The dried leaves of Eclipta alba have been reported to contain wedelolactone, a complex coumarin and its derivatives
dimethylewedelolactone - 7 - glucoside and nor-wadelolactone.

The roots contain polyacetylene substituted thiophenes and leaves have been reported to contain 2.2:5.2:5-terthienylmethanol.
The arial part of the plant has been reported to contain phytosterol, ß-anyrin in the n-hexane extract and luteolin - 7 -
glucoside, ß-glucoside of phytosterol, a glucoside of a tritepenic acid and wadelolactone in polar solvent extract.

Hentriacontanol and heptacosanol are reported from the roots. The polypeptides isolated from the plant yield cystime,
glutamic acid, phenyalanine, tyrosine and methionine on hydrolysis.

Eclipta alba is mainly used in hair oils, but it has been considered a good drug in hepatotoxicity. In hair oils, it may be
used alongwith Centela asiatica (Brahmi) and Phyllanthus emblica (Amla). It may be used to prevent habitual abortion and
miscarriage and also in cases of post-delivery uterine pain. A decoction of leaves is used in uterine haemorrhage. The juice
of the plant with honey is given to infants with castor oil for expulsion of worms. For the relief in piles, fumigation with
Eclipta alba is considered beneficial. The paste prepared by mincing fresh plants has got an anti-inflammatory effect and
may be applied to insect bites, stings, swellings and other skin diseases. In Ayurveda, it is mainly used in hair oil, while
in Unani system, the juice of Eclipta alba is used in 'Hab Miskeen Nawaz' alongwith aconite, croton tiglium, triphala, piper
nigrum, piper longum, zinziber officinale, and minerals like mercury, sulphur, arsenic, borax etc. for various types of pains
in the body. It is also a constituent of 'Roghan Amla Khas' for applying on hair, and of 'Ma'jun Murrawah-ul-arwah'.

This drug is traditionally considered safe since no signs of toxicity found during experiments on rats and mice.

The alcoholic extracts of the entire plant has been reported to have antiviral activity against Ranikhet disease virus.
Aqueous extracts of the plant showed subjective improvement of vision in the cases of refractive errors. The herbal drug
Tefroli, containing extracts of the plant in combination with others, when administered to the patients of viral hepatitis,
produced excellent results. The alcoholic extract of the plant shows protective effect on experimental liver damage in rats
& mice. Wedelolactone and demethylwedelolactone exhibit antihepatotoxic activities in carbon tetrachloride, galactosamine
and phalloidin induced liver damage.

Bhringraj or Bhengra
[Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk.]
Contributor: Pankaj Oudhia

Copyright (c) 2002. All Rights Reserved. Quotation from this document should cite and acknowledge the contributor.

Common (Indian) Names:
Hindi: Balari, Bhangra, Bhringraj, Bhengra, Mochkand.
Gujerati: Bhangro, Dadhal, Kalobhangro
Canarase: Ajagara, Garagadasoppu, Kadigga-garaga
Marathi: Bhangra, Maka
Sanskrit: Bhringraj, Markara, Pitripriya, Sunilaka, Keshrangana

Family: Compositae

Habitat/Occurrence: In paddy growing areas of India, it occur as common weed. In many parts of India it is grown commercially
as a medicinal crop.

Related Species: Four species have been reported so far in warmer parts of America, Africa, Asia and Australia.

Botany: An annual herb.

Stem: Stems and branches are strigose and hairy.

Leaves: Opposite, sessile, oblong- lanceolate; also strigose and hairy.

Flowers: In heads, involucral bracts, axillary, ray flowers ligulate; disk ones tubular.

Fruit: Achene.

Flowering Time: October to December in Indian conditions.

Useful Parts: Whole plant.

Medicinal Properties and Uses: The herb is an Ayurveda and Yunani medicine. According to Ayurveda philosophy Eclipta is
bitter, hot fattening, alterative, anthelminticum, and alexipharmic. It is useful in inflammations, hernia, eye diseases,
bronchitis, asthama, leucoderma, anaemia, heart and skin diseases, right blindness, syphilis etc. It is reported as
beneficial for complexion, hair, eyes, and teeth.

Popular Ayurvedic Formulations: Bhringraj ghrit, Bhringraj taiil, Bhringrajadi churana etc.

Chemical Constituents: The plant contains the alkaloid ecliptine. Other chemicals identified are wedelolactone, wedelic acid,
apigenin, luteolin, b-amyrin etc.

Season: Kharif (June–July in Indian conditions)

Propagation: Through seeds

Seed Rate: 3 kg/ha

Major Insects & Diseases: No major insect and diseases have been reported in India conditions.

Manures: In India, Bhringraj is grown organically. No chemical inputs are used, only 15–20 tonnes farm yard manure/ha at the
time of sowing is applied.

Maturity: 3–3.5 months after sowing.

Yield: Average yield 5 tonnes dry herbage/ha.

Name: Bhringaraj
Biological Name: Eclipta alba, Eclipta erecta
Other Names: Bhringaraj, Bhangra
Babri, Galagara, Gunta-kalagara, Kaikeshi, Karisha-langanni, Karisirang-kanni, Kesharaji, Kesuri, Kesuria, Kesutti, Maka,

This herb is found throughout India and the southwestern U.S.

Parts Used: Herb, roots, leaves
Medicinal Uses

Herb: alterative, antipyretic, hemostatic, laxative, nervine, rejuvenative, tonic, vulnerary.

Roots and leaves are cholagogues.

Root-tonic, alterative, emetic, purgative.

Leaf juice-hepatic tonic and deobstruent


aging. The herb maintains and rejuvenates hair, teeth, bones, memory, sight, and hearing.


ear aches

hair tonic - oil removes graying, balding, makes the hair darker. Make a hair oil by boiling leaf juice in coconut oil. This
is useful to remove gray hair and balding.



rejuvenative: for kidneys, and liver. It improves complexion.

skin disorders

sleep - oil promotes deep sleep.

spleen, enlarged

uterine hemorrhaging - Use two to four ounces of leaf decoction twice daily

Roots and leaves are largely used alone or in combination with ajowan seeds in derangements of the liver and gall bladder.
They have also been used as substitutes for Taraxacum, a liver tonic.

Infusions, decoction, powder, medicated oil and ghee.

Caution: This herb can cause severe chills.
Do not use without the supervision of a qualified practitioner.